Photo by Dorothea Lange.
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SUPPRESSED MOST OF THE PHOTOGRAPHS DOROTHEA LANGE WAS HIRED TO TAKE DURING WWII. 97% OF THE IMAGES DOROTHEA LANGE TOOK DURING THE JAPANESE INTERNMENT IN CALIFORNIA WERE NEVER PUBLISHED.
Photo by Dorothea Lange 1942.
WESTERN DEFENSE COMMAND AND FOURTH ARMY WARTIME CIVIL CONTROL ADMINISTRATION
Presidio of San Francisco, California
April 1, 1942
INSTRUCTIONS TO ALL PERSONS OF JAPANESE ANCESTRY
The notice read in part:
"All Japanese persons, both alien and non-alien, will be evacuated from the above designated area by 12:00 o’clock noon Tuesday, April 7, 1942." A link to the full text is embedded above.
2. Evacuees must carry with them on departure for the Reception Center, the following property:
a. Bedding and linens (no mattress) for each member of the family.
b. Toilet articles for each member of the family.
c. Extra clothing for each member of the family.
d. Sufficient knives, forks, spoons, plates, bowls and cups for each member of the family.
e. Essential personal effects for each member of the family.
All items carried will be securely packaged, tied and plainly marked with the name of the owner and numbered in accordance with instructions received at the Civil Control Station.
The size and number of packages is limited to that which can be carried by the individual or family group.
Impounded by Dorthea Lange. Edited by Linda Gordon and Gary Y. Okihiro
Click here to read the New York Times review of Impounded. Much more than a review -- worth reading because the article bares the facts about a shameful time in American History
-- Book review from Publishers Weekly:
"When America's War Relocation Authority hired Dorothea Lange to photograph the internment of Japanese-Americans in 1942, they put a few restrictions on her work. Barbed wire, watchtowers and armed soldiers were off limits, they declared. And no pictures of resistance, either. They wanted the roundup and sequestering of Japanese-Americans documented—but not too well. Working within these limits, Lange, who is best known for her photographs of migrant farmers during the Depression, nonetheless produced images whose content so opposed the federal objective of demonizing Japanese-Americans that the vast majority of the photographs were suppressed throughout WWII (97% of them have never been published at all). Editors Gordon and Okihiro set this first collection of Lange's internment work within technical, cultural and historical contexts. Gordon (The Great Arizona Orphan Abduction) discusses Lange's professional methods and the formation of her "democratic-populist" beliefs. Okihiro (Whispered Silences: Japanese Americans and World War II) traces the history of prejudice against Japanese Americans, with emphasis on internees' firsthand accounts. But the bulk of the book is given over to Lange's photographs. Several of these are as powerful as her most stirring work, and the final image—of a grandfather in the desolate Manzanar Center looking down in anguish at the grandson between his knees—is worth the price of the book alone."
4. Each family, and individual living alone, will be furnished transportation to the Reception Center. Private means of transportation will not be utilized. All instructions pertaining to the movement will be obtained at the Civil Control Station.
By the order of: J. L. DeWITT -- Lieutenant General -- U. S. Army -- Commanding
Photo by Dorothea Lange.
Read about the internment of San Francisco's Japanese citizen's at The Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco.
Click here to read their piece specifically about Dorothea Lange during the Japanese Internment.
Learn more by visiting the Manzanar National Historic Site.
Many of Dorothea Lange's photographs are available for online viewing at The Oakland Museum of California
I found The National Archives list of more than 1,300 Dorothea Lange photos online here. Digital images of Lange's prints are available from that link.